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List of i-adjectives jlpt n5, and from n4: kunai form, kunakatta form, katta form…. And exercises, all for the jplt exam.

Below we show you all about the adjectives jlpt n5.

LIST OF I-ADJECTIVES JLPT N5 TO PASS THE EXAM

This is the table of all the i-adjectives you need to know for the Japanese Language Proficiency Test (JLPT) N5.

KanjiFuriganaRomajiMeaning
青いあおいaoi*blue
赤いあかいakai*red
明るいあかるいakaruibright
温かいあたたかいatatakaiwarm
新しいあたらしいatarashiinew
暑いあついatsuihot (weather, etc.)
厚いあついatsuithickness
危ないあぶないabunaidangerous
甘いあまいamaisweet
良いよい / いいyoi / iigood
忙しいいそがしいisogashiibusy
痛いいたいitaifeel pain/painful
薄いうすいusuithin
美味しいおいしいoishiitasty, delicious
大きいおおきいookiilarge
遅いおそいosoilate, slow
重いおもいomoiheavy
面白いおもしろいomoshiroiinteresting, fun
辛いからいkaraispicy
軽いかるいkaruilight (not heavy)
可愛いかわいいkawaiinice, pretty
黄色いきいろいkiiroiyellow
汚いきたないkitanaidirty
暗いくらいkuraidark
黒いくろいkuroiblack
寒いさむいsamuicold
白いしろいshiroiwhite
涼しいすずしいsuzushiicool
狭いせまいsemainarrow
高いたかいtakaitall, expensive
楽しいたのしいtanoshiienjoyable, fun
小さいちいさいchiisaismall
近いちかいchikainear
詰らないつまらないtsumaranaiuninteresting
冷たいつめたいtsumetaicold
強いつよいtsuyoistrong
遠いとおいtooifar
長いながいnagailength
早いはやいhayaiearly
速いはやいhayaifast
低いひくいhikuilow (position)
広いひろいhiroiwide, spacious
太いふといfutoithick, fat
古いふるいfuruiancient, old
欲しいほしいhoshiiwant something
細いほそいhosoislim, thin
不味いまずいmazuibad taste
丸いまるいmaruiround
短いみじかいmijikaishort
難しいむずかしいmuzukashiidifficult
寂しいさびしいsabishiilonely
優しいやさしいyasashiikind
安いやすいyasuicheap
若いわかいwakaiyoung
adjectives jlpt n5

*REMEMBER: that the basic colors of Japanese are conjugated by adding i. Since red would be aka and red akai. See this post to clarify the doubts: THE COLORS IN JAPANESE AND HOW TO CONJUGATE THEM..

If you want more jlpt n5 vocabulary, click here:

adjectives jlpt n5
Pass jlpt n5 exam Japanese adjectives

i-adjectives: negation – kunai-form (kunai form)

Japanese i adjectives can also express a negative meaning. It is close to adding un- to a Spanish (fácil= un -fácil, no es fácil) or English (easy = un-easy, not easy) adjective. In order to construct this form you first remove the い – I at the end of the simple form and add くない – KUNAI to the i-adjective stem as described in the following examples:

  • い => 高- => 高 + くない => 高くない
  • taka=> taka- => taka + kunai => takakunai
TE PUEDE INTERESAR
WHAT DOES OTSUKARESAMA DESHITA MEAN: JAPANESE VOCABULARY 1
Simple formRomajiMeaningNegation RomajiMeaning
takaitallくないtakakunaiis not tall
yasuicheapくないyasukunaiis not cheap
美味しoishiitasty美味しくないoishikunaiis not tasty
hiroispaciousくないhirokunaiis not spacious
寂しsabishiilonely寂しくないsabishikunaiis not lonely
negative form kunai adjectives jlpt n5

Example of kunai form

Kanji隣りのスーパーはあまり高くないです。
Furiganaとなりのスーパーはあまりたかくないです。
Romajitonari no suupaa wa amari takakunai desu.
EnglishThe neighborhood supermarket is not very expensive.
Example kunai form adjectives jlpt n5

i-adjectives: negation of the past – kunakatta-form (how to negate the past in Japanese) kunakatta form

It can also express a negative meaning of an adjective i that happens in the past. In Spanish it is equivalent to “no estaba” and in English this is the equivalent of “was not”. The construction of this form is very similar to the kunai form. You remove the い (i) at the end of the simple form and add くなかった (kunakatta) to the root of the adjective i as described in the following examples:

  • い => 高- => 高 + くなかった => 高くなかった
  • taka=> taka- => taka + kunakatta => takakunakatta
Simple formRomajiMeaningNegationRomajiMeaning
takaitallくなかったtakakunakattawas not tall
yasuicheapくなかったyasukunakattawas not cheap
美味しoishiitasty美味しくなかったoishikunakattawas not tasty
hiroispaciousくなかったhirokunakattawas not spacious
寂しsabishiilonely寂しくなかったsabishikunakattawas not lonely
negative form of past kunakatta adjectives jlpt n5

Example of kunakatta form

Kanji昨日の授業はあまり面白くなかったです。
Furiganaきのうのじゅぎょうはあまりおもしろくなかったです。
Romajikinou no jugyou wa amari omoshirokunakatta desu.
EnglishYesterday’s lesson was not very interesting.
Example kunakatta form adjectives jlpt n5

i-adjectives: past tense – katta form (katta form)

Japanese i adjectives can also express situations in the past, as we have said. While in English you have many past tense combinations, or in English you have to use “was” in front of the word, i adjectives can build the past tense on their own. By removing the い (i) at the end of the simple form and adding かった (katta) to the root of the i adjective as described in the following examples:

  • い => 高- => 高 + かった => 高かった
  • taka=> taka- => taka + katta => takakatta
Simple formRomajiMeaningNegationRomajiMeaning
takaitallかったtakakattawas tall
yasuicheapかったyasukattawas cheap
美味しoishiitasty美味しかったoishikattawas tasty
hiroispaciousかったhirokattawas spacious
寂しsabishiilonely寂しかったsabishikattawas lonely
past form katta adjectives jlpt n5

Ejemplo de forma katta

Kanjiこの話はあまり面白かったです。
Furiganaこのはなしはあまりおもしろかったです。
Romajikono hanashi wa amari omoshirokatta desu.
EnglishThis story was very interesting.
Example form katta adjectives jlpt n5

i-adjectives: sa-form (sa-form) how to change from adjective to noun in Japanese

The Japanese language is very flexible with adjectives. The sa-form, or -sa form, allows you to use an adjective i as a noun or in other words to add ~osa ~or ~ness (e.g., useful => usefulness, powerful => powerful, etc.).

It is very easy to construct. Simply replace “i” at the end of the word with a “sa”. So 楽しい (tanoshii, nice) becomes joy as 楽しさ (tanoshisa). Here are some more examples to make it clear:

Simple formRomajiMeaningsa FormRomajiMeaning
楽しtanoshiienjoyable楽しtanoshisajoy
美しutsukushiibeautiful美しutsukushisabeauty
新しatarashiinew新しatarashisanovelty
akairedakasaredness
大きookiibig大きookisasize, dimensions
form sa adjectives jlpt n5

Example of SA form

Kanji日本のお寺の美しが好きです。。
Furiganaにほんのはなしはあまりおもしろかったです。
RomajiNi hon’no hanashi wa amari omoshirokattadesu.
EnglishI like the beauty of Japanese temples.
Example forma sa adjectives jlpt n5

i-adjectives: sou-form (forma sou)

The sou form of an adjective i expresses that something appears to be a certain way. It is translated in phrases like: that looks red (akasou).

It is very easy to construct. Simply replace the last “i” of the adjective with a “sou”. So 楽しい (tanoshii, nice) becomes 楽しそう (tanoshisou) looks funny. Here are some more examples to make it clear:

Simple formRomajiMeaningsa FormRomajiMeaning
楽しtanoshiienjoyable楽しそうtanoshisouLooks enjoyable
美しutsukushiibeautiful美しそうutsukushisouLooks beautiful
新しatarashiinew新しそうatarashisouLooks new
akairedそうakasouLooks red
大きookiibig大きそうookisouLooks big
form sou adjectives jlpt n5

Example of SOU form

Kanjiこの料理はとても美味しそうです。
Furiganaこのりょうりはとてもおいしそうです。
Romajikono ryouri wa totemo oishisou desu.
EnglishThis dish looks very delicious.
Example form sou adjectives jlpt n5

IN THE NEXT ARTICLE WE WILL SEE -NA ADJECTIVES FOR JLPT N5

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN い I ADJECTIVES AND な NA ADJECTIVES IN JAPANESE

As a general rule: Adjectives i い always end in い (i), but adjectives な (na) even if they end in い (i) is not out of its kanji (such as okurigana).

美しい (しい is the okurigana)
うつく

綺麗な
きれい ( although it ends in i this is part of the kanji)

*This is not always the case, but this is a general rule.

TO KNOW MORE ABOUT NA ADJECTIVES IN JAPANESE READ THIS..

SELF-CORRECTING INTERACTIVE EXERCISES ON I-ADJECTIVES JLPT N5 IN JAPANESE

Here you will find many exercises to reinforce what you have learned, we hope you like it. Leave a comment.

EXERCISE ON ADJECTIVES JLPT N5

JLPT N5 ADJECTIVES AND CONJUGATION

EXERCISES ON THE USE OF JAPANESE I-NA ADJECTIVES ACCORDING TO GRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE

EXERCISE ON I ADJECTIVES AND THEIR FORMS AND NA- ADJECTIVES

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