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JAPANESE KANJI LIST N5: THE 100 KANJI YOU NEED TO KNOW TO PASS THE JLPT N5 + JPLT EXERCISES

In this article you will find the list of the 100 most used Japanese kanji in the JPLT N5 exam, official Japanese exam, the list includes verbs, adjectives, tense, person, etc.

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You will also find interactive exercises to avoid wasting ink, and exercises to print and practice strokes, phrases, etc. Little by little we will be uploading more material to this free Japanese course. So that you don’t have to pay a language school… we will accompany you from the beginning until at least n4. Let’s start with kanji noken 5 .

WHAT IS JLPT | JAPANESE KANJI

The acronym “JLPT” stands for the Japanese Language Proficiency Test. It is one of the most well-known and recognized tests for Japanese proficiency worldwide, with five levels of proficiency. N1 is the most difficult level, considered native speaking. N5 is the easiest level, covering the basic level of Japanese.

If you want to learn all about kanji, how to pronounce it, and its strokes with exercises done by us, we will guide you to learn the JLPT N5 kanji needed either for your exam, or because you simply want to learn the levels of Japanese, for example to watch anime without subtitles, read manga or magazines, and books in Japanese, or simply want to speak fluently with a Japanese person.

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Kanji calligraphy
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WHAT TO EXPECT FROM THE JPLT 5 N5 TEST / EXAM | JAPANESE KANJI

Although the JLPT N5 exam is the most basic Japanese formal test, passing the exam is still a great achievement for many.

To pass the JLPT N5 exam, you need to be able to read Japanese at a basic level and understand simple conversations from everyday life and school. You should know about 800 vocabulary words. Don’t be overwhelmed, we are here to help you from scratch.

If you don’t know kana (Hiragana and Katakana) yet, follow this Japanese study guide from scratch to learn kana.

WHY YOU NEED TO KNOW THE KANJI TO PASS JPLT N5 | JAPANESE KANJI

At the N5 level, the JLPT it is important to learn kanji, so we list the kanji, as you are expected to know about 100 kanji on the test. These kanji may change slightly between tests, but generally you can expect to see the 100 most common kanji for verbs, numbers, time, places, people, basic adjectives and instructions.

These kanji are used so often that you will see them over and over again in vocabulary, manga, magazines, everything you read. The bad news is that you will have to memorize most of these kanji independently, because they are radicals, or roots.

Japanese radicals are simple kanji, they are the building blocks that make up complex kanji.

Therefore, the more radicals you learn in kanji, the easier it will be to understand more complex kanji.

Learning the radicals first, then moving on to complex kanji, is the most popular method for memorizing kanji (we’ll talk about this below). Although some people prefer to memorize kanji directly…it can be bad practice for the N1.

For the first 100, because they are radical, you just have to memorize them.

Japanese kanji
Japanese kanji

JAPANESE BOOKS N5 HERE

N5 JAPANESE KANJI LIST – THE 100 MOST USED KANJI | JAPANESE KANJI

I have divided them into categories, such as numbers, time, people and places, because this mnemonic rule, kanji are easier to learn when I associate them with related words, anyway we will do exercises to associate them and you will get color charts, to memorize them.

In the lists below, you will see the kanji and English meaning, followed by the onyomi and kunyomi readings.

KANJI ONYOMI AND KUNYOMI READING FROM THE LIST OF JAPANESE KANJI

Why these different readings? Kanji originated with the Chinese, which the Japanese adapted and gave Japanese readings. Thus onyomi (Chinese readings) and kunyomi (Japanese readings) were born. Almost all kanji have two readings (and most, unfortunately, have many more than two). Only a few will have only one reading.

For the most part, these different readings are less important for the JLPT N5.ortantes para el JLPT N5. If you learn these kanji with a vocabulary word that might also be on the test, then you should be able to remember the most common reading. This won’t always be true, but it usually will be. It will help you get the most out of your study time.

SABER MÁS ACERCA DE LA LECTURA ONYOMI Y KUNYOMI, MAS SIGNIFICADO DE KANJIS A FONDO PARTE 1

For that reason, I also include an N5 vocabulary word that uses that kanji.

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JAPANESE KANJI LIST N5 NUMBERS | Japanese numbers 1 to 10

We start with the n5 kanji:

First, let’s look at the Japanese numbers from 1 to 10. The first three are very easy to remember: one line (one), two lines (two), three lines (three). easy.

The rest can be more difficult. The drawback is that most of the time in Japan, they use 1 – 10 romanized numbers instead of kanji. But you still have to learn them. Be careful with 千: it looks almost identical to チ (katakana chi) and one of the readings is the same.

KanjiEnglishOnyomiKunyomi N5 vocab. kanji
Oneichi, itsuhito(tsu), hito一人 (a single person)
Twonifuta(tsu), futa二人 (2 persons, couple)
Threesanmit(tsu), mi三日 (Third day of the month)
Fourshiyo(tsu), yo, yon四日 (Fourth day of the month)
Fivegoitsu(tsu), itsu五日 (Fifth day of the month)
Sixrokumut(tsu), mu六日 (Sixth day of the month)
Sevenshichinana(tsu), nana七日 (Seventh day of the month)
Eighthachiyat(tsu), ya八日 (Eighth day of the month)
Ninekyuu, kukokono(tsu), kokono九日 (Ninth day of the month)
Tenjuu, jitou, to十日 (Tenth day of the month)
One hundredhyaku百万円 (1 million yen)
One thousandsenchi千万円 (10 million Yen)
Ten thousandman, ban万年筆 (fountain pen)
Yen, circle, and roundenmaru(i)円い (round)
JAPANESE KANJI LIST: NUMBERS
kanji n5
kanji n5

JAPANESE KANJI LIST N5 TIME

These kanji, are often used in conjunction with numbers, so I’ve included them below. You’ll pair numbers with kanji like 月 to create the months of the year, such as 一月 (“January”).

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Japanese honorifics: Sama, Kun, Chan, San...

Some of the kanji in this list have more uses than just tense, such as 来るwhich is an irregular verb. But, 来 is also read as らい “future”. Combined with another tense kanji you get: 来週 (“next week”), 来月 (“next month”) and 来年 (“next year”).

KanjiEnglishOnyomiKunyomi N5 Vocab. kanji
Personjin, ninhito人々 (people)
Man, boy, maledan, nanotoko男の子 (boy)
Female, girl, femininejo, nyoonna, me女の子 (girl)
Childshi, suko子供 (child)
Motherbohaha母 (mother)
Fatherfuchichi父 (father)
Friendyuutomo友達 (friend)
Firekahi火曜日 (tuesday)
Watersuimizu水曜日 (wednesday)
Tree, woodmoku, bokuki, ko木曜日 (thursday)
Landdo, totsuchi土曜日 (saturday)
Money, goldkin, konokane金曜日 (friday)
Book, source (of knowledge)honmoto日本語 (Japanese)
Riversenkawa川 (river)
Flowerkahana花火 (fireworks)
Spiritki, ke元気 (healthy, spiritual, fine)
Life, living, being born, growingsei, shoui(kiru), u(mareru), ha(yasu)生徒 (student)
Fishgyosakana魚 (fish)
Peacetename, ama天気 (time)
Sky, emptykuusora, a(keru)空 (sky)
Mountainsanyama山 (mountain)
Rainuame雨 (rain)
Electricityden電気 (electricity)
Car, vehicleshakuruma電車 (electric train)
Language, word, chatgokata(ru)英語 (english)
Earjimimi耳 (ear)
Handshute手紙 (letter)
Foot, to addsokuashi, ta(su)足 (foot)
Eyemokume目 (eye)
Mouthkou, kukuchi出口 (exit)
Namemei, myouna名前 (name)
LISTA KANJI JAPONÉS: TIEMPO
kanji noken 5
kanji noken 5

LIST OF JAPANESE KANJI N5 PLACES AND ADDRESSES

It is a good idea to memorize each reading of these common kanji very well. 店 is read as ten in English (ten) almost as often as mise. 外 is read as often as gai as soto.

But they have patterns. 店 is read as ten in English (ten) when combined with other kanji, such as 喫茶 店. On its own, it is miserable. It’s the same with 外: gai describes something strange or outside the norm of one’s own country or group. Soto is used to simply say “outside.”

KanjiEnglishOnyomiKunyomiN5 Vocab. Kanji
Storetenmise喫茶店 (coffee shop)
Stationeki駅前 (in front of the station)
Street, road, routedoumichi道具 (tool)
Sanctuary, societyshayashiro社長 (president of a company)
Countrykokukuni外国人 (foreigner)
Outsidegai, gesoto, hazu(reru), hoka外国 (foreign country)
College, learninggakumana(bu)大学 (university)
Schoolkougakkō学校 (school)
Above, onshou, jouue, u, a(geru)上着 (jacket)
Belowka, geku(daru), shita靴下 (socks)
Middle, center, inside, betweenchuunaka日中 (during the day, noon)
Northhokukita北 (north)
西Westsai, seinishi西 (west)
East touhigashi東京 (Tokyo)
Southnanminami南 (south)
Rightyuumigi右 (right)
Leftsahidari左 (left)
JAPANESE KANJI LIST: PLACES AND ADDRESSES
Japanese levels
Japanese levels

JAPANESE KANJI LIST N5 VERBS

These are among the most common verbs, in addition to す る (suru, “to do”) which does not use kanji. When they are used as verbs, you will almost always use the kunyomi readings. For this test, those are the readings on which you are most likely to be asked, and the onyomi reading will be less important.

The most important onyomi readings that may appear would be for 聞, 読, 書, 食, and 会. The first three (listening, reading, and writing) appear in your onyomi readings in the test descriptions that indicate which section of the test you are in.

You most likely won’t be quizzed on them, but you’ll want to know them to understand what you’re seeing on the test. The last two, eat and gather, have common onyomi readings such as 食品 (“food” or “foodstuffs”) and 会 社 (company).

Para saber más sobre verbos en japonés del jlpt n5 pincha aquí.

Como usar los verbos en japonés.

Verbos forma diccionario japonés.

KanjiEnglishOnyomiKunyomiN5 Vocab. Kanji
To see, to be visible, to show, to displaykenmi(ru)見せる (to show)
Listen, to listen, askmon, bunki(ku)聞く (listen)
Writeshoka(ku)辞書 (dictionary)
Readdokuyo(mu)読む (to read)
To talk, conversationwahanashi, hana(su)電話 (phone)
Buybaika(u)買い物 (shopping)
To go, to carry outkoui(ku), okona(u)銀行 (bank)
Exit, leaveshutsude(ru), da(su)出かける (to leave)
To enter, to put innyuuhai(ru), i(reru)入口 (entrance)
For rest, relaxation, vacationkyuuyasu(mu), yasu(mi)休む (to take a day off)
To eat, foodshokuta(beru)食堂 (eater)
To drink, a beverageinno(mu)飲み物 (drink)
To speak, wordsgen, goni(u)言う (to say)
Standingritsuta(tsu)立つ (posture (standing))
To know, societykai, ea(u)会社 (company)
JAPANESE KANJI LIST: VERBS

JAPANESE KANJI LIST N5 ADJECTIVES

Finally, we have the most basic and common adjectives to describe things. You will most likely be asked about kunyomi readings, as they are most commonly used as adjectives, while onyomi readings are combined with other kanji to give a more descriptive noun.

For example, 小 (small) + 学校 (school) means “elementary school.” You will definitely need to know these for later quizzes and vocabulary, but for N5 purposes, your time would be better focused on reviewing kunyomi readings.

Para saber más sobre adjetivos, todas sus formas, y la lista completa del n5.

KanjiEnglishOnyomiKunyomi N5 Vocab, Kanji
Manytaoo(i)多い (many), 多分 (probably)
A little, fewshousuko(shi), suku(nai)少ない (few)
Old kofuru(i)古い (old)
Newshinatara(shii)新しい (new), 新聞 (newspaper)
Large, very largedai, taioo(kii)大きい (large), 大変 (terrible, immense)
Smallshouchii(sai), ko小さい (small)
Cheap, safe, peacefulanyasu(i)安い (cheap)
Expensive, highkoutaka(i)高い (expensive)
Long, leaderchounaga(i)長い (long), 部長 (manager)
Whitehaku, byakushiro, shiro(i)白い (white), 面白い (interesting)
JAPANESE KANJI LIST: ADJECTIVES

If you want to practice the kanji of animals in Japanese click here.

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Genki Vol.1 Textbook (3e ed.): an Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese

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PRACTICING JAPANESE KANJI: THE BEST WAYS TO MEMORIZE KANJI

What is the best way to memorize kanji?

The best way to practice kanji is to use a combination of James Heisig’s Remembering the Kanji method.

Heisig’s method is one of the best methods for memorizing kanji. He presents the kanji based on radical elements so that you can learn each one by “stacking” their mnemonic stories together. It is really ingenious. It still requires effort, time and patience – but it’s worth it!

Along with that, I use the NihongoShark kanji deck in the Anki app, or create your own Anki deck specifically for N5 kanji only. Enter your mnemonic phrases and how to read them. Bonus points if you can link how to read the kanji (or a word that uses it) in your mnemonic phrase.

I also suggest using Genki I and JTest4U, the most popular textbook for Japanese beginners that I mentioned above. It has a section in the back dedicated to learning kanji and reading practice using those kanji. It helps reinforce what you’re learning, at your level, without being incredibly tiring.

And honestly, the sooner you knock out Kanji, the better. Kanji helps you memorize vocabulary better, read with ease (making learning through native resources much easier) and have a deeper understanding of how the language works. And if you knock out these 100 kanji quickly, you can move on to focus on the really difficult parts of the test, like listening comprehension.

THE BEST KANJI BOOKS

JAPANESE KANJI EXERCISES

Japanese kanji
@kawaiimodelworld Practicing Japanese Kanji
kanji list n5
Study the table here or download it here below

How many kanji there are | Japanese kanji

A question you all ask yourselves is how many Kanji are there? Although of the 7,000 there are, only about 2,500 used to be used in everyday writing, so they are the ones learned in school until finishing high school. There is some discrepancy about how many kanji there are in Japanese writing. Some authors speak of 6,500, but if the different variations of some kanji are included, there are as many as 7,100 characters.

TAKANJIS FULL COLOR TABLE made by todosobrejapon.es

STUDY N5 IN ITS ENTIRETY:

  • Pulsa aquí, y accederás a otra pestaña que te llevará a otro apartado de esta web, ejercicios hiragana Parte 1, son importantes para el examen.
  • Pulsa aquí, y accederás a otra pestaña que te llevará a otro apartado de esta web, ejercicios hiragana parte 2, son importantes para el examen.
  • Cuando queréis describir el color de algo debéis usar la partícula no, para ello comprueba este post, antes de seguir, para saber más acerca de partículas en japonés.
kanji
Kanji exercises with strokes and stroke explanation

INTERACTIVE JAPANESE KANJI EXERCISES

An exercise on pronunciation:

Interactive Japanese exercise, on the conjugated verb in Masu form in dictionary form.

It may seem impossible to memorize kanji quickly, but you’ll get there. GANBATTE KUDASAI がんばって ください くさい!!!!

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Nihongo So-Matome JLPT N5 , 1000 Essential Vocabulary , 500 Practice Questions Hiragana

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SUGOI. JAPONÉS PARA VIAJEROS (2ªED) (IDIOMA)

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1 used & new available from 23,00 €

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JAPONES EN VIÑETAS INTEGRAL 01 (Biblioteca Creativa)

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11 used & new available from 23,75 €

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Let's Kanji!: Cuaderno de aprendizaje de escritura japonesa (Let's Kaku)

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Koi. Diccionario. Manual básico de japonés: 1 (Idioma)

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10 used & new available from 23,75 €

41U1dADeggL. SL75

Genki Vol.1 Textbook (3e ed.): an Integrated Course in Elementary Japanese

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20 used & new available from 40,00 €

WHAT DOES THE KANJI NIN MEAN | CURIOSITIES ABOUT KANJI

The Japanese ideogram “Nin” that makes up the word “Ninja” means textually:

“THE WILL THAT BEARS THE POINT OF THE SWORD”. 

By this we mean that each Kanji has its history and meaning, just like the kanji nin, the kanji of the jlpt n5 corresponding to the official Japanese levels, each of them has a meaning.

kanji love
Kanji love

We have seen the love kanji, although it is not of N5, we are always curious about so many kanji…now we are going to see the fire kanji, in calligraphy, this one is of n5.

kanji fire
kanji fire
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Todo sobre Japon

We are specialists in Japan, one of us graduated in Japanese culture, studying in Japan at Keio university, also with Japanese language course, and qualified in Japanese noken 3 (n3). We are a family of 4 and we love to travel. We love Japan, its culture, its people, its language, its cities, its small towns, its nature, its food, anime and manga, souvenirs.... EVERYTHING ABOUT JAPAN!

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2 Comments

  1. great job!!!

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