ExercisesJLPT N5Lessons N5

LIST HOW TO SAY ANIMALS IN JAPANESE+ 5 JAPANESE EXERCISES

The animals in Japanese will be very useful in many situations, for example, when you see one in the sea, or you want to buy an object with that character, when you order food in a Yatai or restaurant, when you go to a zoo…

Therefore, we are going to review their vocabulary and do exercises on them to practice hiragana while we are at it.

Recall that for nouns as in this case, kanji are used, and there are kanji characters for hippopotamus (河馬), giraffe (麒麟), mouse (鼠), camel (駱駝), squirrel (栗鼠), zebra (縞馬), rabbit (兎) goat (ヤギ)…. etc. But they are often written in hiragana and more usual in katakana.

When it is not a typical Japanese animal, the name of the animal is translated from other languages, it is written in katakana if they are foreign. For example,ライオン (raion – lion) and パンダ (panda – panda).

HOW TO DESCRIBE ANIMALS IN JAPANESE: BIG OR SMALL

The adjective for small animals is “hiki (匹)” and for large animals is “tou (頭).”

There are also two adjectives, large おおきい (ookii) and small ちいさい (chiisai); and two similar words 大きな (ookina) y 小さな (chiisana) used to qualify nouns. They are often interchangeable, but in some cases they are not.

Grammatical aspect.  大きい and 小さい are adjectives (adjective-i), while 大きな and 小さな are not adjectives, although they are qualifiers.

An animal in kanji (dou butsu) is 動物 and in hiragana どうぶつ.


If you like anime or manga, you will see that in many of them appear, for example, in One piece a whale called Laboon appears in one of its chapters, in Ao no exorcist a cat called Kuro appears, and one of the most popular manga/anime characters is none other than ドラえもん (doraemon)…As you can see many animals appear in almost all anime, so you better learn them to study.

Let’s start with tables of animal categories.

ANIMALS IN JAPANESE: THE COMMON PETS (ペット petto) How to say Mammals in Japanese (哺乳類/ほにゅうるい / Honyuurui

Pets or domestic animals whether they are household or farm animals, in Japanese, are very useful for knowing names as they are great conversation starters. You can ask your friends what kinds of pets they have and you can tell them about yours. In Japan pets are very popular, just like in the west, and can be found in most home holds. Now let’s look at the most common pets in Japan and how to say those names in Japanese.

Let’s remember that Kana are: Hiragana and Katakana, in the table we will always see one of them, or both.

NAMEROMAJIKANAKANJI
rabbitusagi うさぎ / ウサギ
turtlekame かめ
catneko ねこ
birdtoriとり
goldfishkingyoきんぎょ金魚
doginu いぬ
rat / mousenezumiネズミ
hamsterhamusutaaハムスター朝鮮鼠
puppy dogko inuこいぬ子犬 / 小犬
gecko / house lizardyamoriヤモリ守宮
chameleonkamereonかめれおん
Pets in Japanese

ANIMALS IN JAPANESE: THE FARM

NAMEROMAJIKANAKANJI
duckahiru あひる家鴨
cowushiうし
pigbutaぶた / ブタ
chickenniwatori にわとり
sheephitsujiヒツジ
horseumaうま / ウマ
goatyagiヤギ山羊
Farm animals in Japanese
animals in japanese
Monkeys in Hokkaido (animals in Japanese)

ANIMALS IN JAPANESE: FROM THE SEA ンようせンぶつ OR RIVER AND SEAFOOD

NAMEROMAJIKANAKANJI
whalekujiraクジラ
tentkoiこい
fishsakana さかな魚魚
dolphinirukaいるか / イルカ海豚
crabkaniカニ / かに
sharksameさめ / サメ
oysterkaki かき 牡蠣
otterrakko らっこ /  ラッコ 海 , 獺  
hippopotamuskabaかば / カバ河馬
frog / tree frogkaeru / amagaeruかえる/ あまがえる蛙 
octopustakoたこ / タコ蛸 / 章魚
shrimpebiエビ蝦 / 海老
squidikaいか / イカ 鯣
jellyfishkurage くらげ / クラゲ海月
clamhamaguri はまぐり
codtara たら
small sharkfukaふか
eelunagi うなぎ
spongekaimen かいめん海綿
clown fishkumanomi くまのみ/ クマノミ
sea anemoneisoginchaku イソギンチャク菟葵
puffer fishfugu ふぐ / フグ鰒 / 河豚
starfishhitode ひとで人手
sea cucumbernamako なまこ 海鼠
salmonsake さけ
mackerelsaba さば
sea horsetatsunōtoshigo タツノオトシゴ竜の落し子 / 竜の落とし子
stripeeiえい
manta ray (+used)sutingureiスティングレイ
tunamaguro まぐろ
lobsterrobusutā ロブスター
scallophotate ほたて / ホタテ帆立
seafoodkai かい
sealashikaあしか
musselsmūru kaiムルカイムール貝
troutmasuます鱒 
lampreydojoどじょう
Japanese river otterrakko  らっこ /  ラッコ  海 , 獺  
barracudakamasuかます
sardineiwashiいわし鰯 
monkfishankoあんこう鮟鱇
abalone / abalone ear of the seaawabiあわび鮑  / 鰒
horse mackerelajiあじ
clamasariあさり鯏 / 浅蜊
killer whaleshachiシャチ
catfishnamazuなまず
Marine and river animals + seafood in Japanese

As you can see all kanji carry the kanji 魚 “sakana” 「魚へん 」, for example the combination of the kanji 鰯 (いわし) or “iwashi” sardine is with fish and 弱い (よわい) which means fragile or little resistant or sardine is a fragile fish and thus making relationship with each kanji we can go learning.

TE PUEDE INTERESAR
Kanji N5 quiz 001 (Easy Level)- Kanji quiz questions (kanji quiz n5)

Although these are not fish names, they are related to it, if you are in a restaurant or you are fishing, or just talking to a local about fish in the fishing villages…they will appreciate that you know everything.

  • 鱗 (うろこ) “uroko” flake
  • 鯑 (かずのこ) “kazunoko” herring roe
  • 鱲 (からすみ) “karasumi” Nagasaki’s famous processed mullet egg
  • 鮓 (すし) “sushi” vinegared rice with raw fish
  • 鰓 (えら) “era” gill
  • 鮨 (すし) “sushi” vinegared rice with raw fish
  • 鯣 (するめ) “surume” dried squid
  • 鰭 (ひれ) “hire” fin (of a fish)
animals in japanese
Deer (shika) in Japanese

ANIMALS IN JAPANESE: INSECTS

Insects, also known as こ ん ち ゅ う in Japanese, are hated by many, but still loved. Now we’ll look at some insect vocabulary that will make your skin crawl. Perfect for warning someone about the impending cockroach crawling towards them.

KANJIKANAROMAJINAME
むしmushiinsect
昆虫こんちゅうkonchuubug / insect
Table of how to say insect in various forms of Japanese
NAMEROMAJIKANAKANJI
mosquito ka  か
beetlekabutomushi かぶとむし甲虫
butterflychō chō ちょう
ちょう
aphidsaburamushi  あぶらむし油虫
cricketkorogi    ころぎ
spiderkumo くも
fleanomi のみ  蚤
cockroachgokiburi ごきぶり蜚蠊
antariあり / アリ
earthwormmimizuミミズ蚯蚓
caterpillarkemushiけむし毛虫
beehachiハチ
dragonflytonboトンボ蜻蛉
cicadasemiセミ
fireflyhotaruホタル
centipedemukadeムカデ百足
snailkatatsumuriカタツムリ蝸牛
scorpionsasoriさそり
praying mantiskamakiriかまきり
Insects in Japanese

ANIMALS IN JAPANESE: ZOO / WILD ANIMALS やせいどうぶつ

Although some can be dangerous in the wild, we still love these animals, and they are the featured animals in any zoo exhibit.

NAMEROMAJIKANAKANJI
monkeysaruさる / サル
elephantzouぞう
rhinocerossaiサイ
snakehebiへび
tigertoraトラ
alligatorwaniワニ ワニ
bearkumaくま / クマ熊 
pandapandaパンダ
polar bear (white)shiro kumaしろくま白熊
lionraionライオン獅子                   
Lion (Japanese form)shishiしし獅子
lobo ookamiおおかみ
wild duckkamoカモ
foxkitsuneきつね / キツネ
wild boarinoshishiイノシシ
giraffekirinきりん / キリン麒麟
kangarookangaruかんがるー / カンガルー 
camelrakudaラクダ駱駝
baboonhihiヒヒ狒狒 / 狒々
reindeertonakaiトナカイ馴鹿
otterkawausoかわうそ川獺
lizardtokageトカゲ蜥蜴
cheetah / leopardchi-ta-チーター 
raccoon dogtanuki /araigumaタヌキ/ あらいぐま
deershikaシカ鹿
squirrelrisuリス栗鼠
zebrashimaumaシマウマ縞馬
batkoumoriコウモリ蝙蝠
Wild or zoo animals in Japanese
animals of japan
Japanese fox baby

ANIMALS IN JAPANESE: BIRDS とり

Birds (鳥, tori) are characterized by their wings (羽, hane), feathers (羽毛, ummō) and beaks (嘴, kuchibashi).

Here are some of the most common birds we see in cities, towns and places near the ocean.

NAMEROMAJIKANAKANJI
owlfukurouフクロウ
swanhaku chouハクチョウ白鳥
chickenniwatoriニワトリ 
penguinpenginペンギン 
crowkarasuからす烏 / 鴉
falconTaka / hayabusaタカ / ハヤブサ鷹  / 隼
eaglewashiワシ鷲 
cranetsuruツル
doveHatoハト
Peacockkujakuクジャク孔雀
sparrowsuzumeスズメ
parakeet / periwinkleinkoいんこ
parrotsoumuおうむ
Birds in Japanese

This list of Japanese vocabulary is not exhaustive or complete, as we know there are many more animals and especially types, an example would be that there are more than 100 types of birds, but it is best for beginners to start with the easiest.

In another post we will talk about Japanese mythological creatures and their names and legends.

JAPANESE ANIMAL EXERCISES PDF

INTERACTIVE ANIMAL EXERCISES IN JAPANESE

An interactive animal exercise in Japanese, to tell if it is small or big.

An exercise of animals in Romaji (once you know it, it is convenient to start studying them in hiragana and those with katakana and later in kanji.

Another exercise of animals in Romaji (this time more common marine animals). Just drag the correct word to the picture.

INTERACTIVE ANIMAL PRONUNCIATION EXERCISES IN JAPANESE BY A NATIVE JAPANESE SPEAKER

This exercise only works in Google Chrome, and Safari, so if you don’t use either of them you won’t be able to hear anything at all in the tab.

Click on the animal you want to hear, and you will hear the voice of a Japanese woman saying their names. If you want you can complement it while you try to make the animal pdf since it is the same pdf, but this one has sound.

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Todo sobre Japon

We are specialists in Japan, one of us graduated in Japanese culture, studying in Japan at Keio university, also with Japanese language course, and qualified in Japanese noken 3 (n3). We are a family of 4 and we love to travel. We love Japan, its culture, its people, its language, its cities, its small towns, its nature, its food, anime and manga, souvenirs.... EVERYTHING ABOUT JAPAN!

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2 Comments

  1. Hello, thank you very much, it is a great website, I know you are still working on the English topic, but I have seen the normal page http://Www.Todosobrejapon.ES but translating it from Chrome to English and I loved it, thank you very much, keep it up, great content

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